Horizontal rulers appear much more frequently than vertical rulers. But vertical rulers appear at times, and here are some examples. DWF London 2017 [pg. 4] places vertical rulers between key statistics But it is unlikely that these rulers help readers understand or identify the statistics.
King Wood AustraliaDirs 2015 [pg. 3] wads in very thick vertical rulers.
Allen Matkins CommlRE 2018 [pg. 16] covers four varieties of commercial space and names them in the margin, placing a vertical divider between each of them.
CMSNabarro UKRE 2016 [pg. 2] inserts not only vertical rulers between the four columns but also a horizontal ruler under “The UK picture”.
Taft Stettinius Entrep 2018 [pg. 4] eschews the horizontal look in favor of a vertical bar, in black. The bar is less a vertical ruler than a highlighter or a design element as it extends slightly above the material it sets off and not quite as far as the bottom of the material. Vertical rulers typically have something on each side, but this element has nothing on the left.
Like line plots, map plots have limited utility. They can convey both data and location where the latter has relevance. The examples shown below illustrate placement of data on maps, but they are not choropleths, which are plots that color geographic regions by a gradient to convey some range. For instance, a choropleth of the United States might color each state according to its GDP per state, say with a very light green for the lowest states on that measure and a dark green for the highest states.
Foley Lardner Telemedicine 2017 [pg. 12] has included a simple map of the United States, where it applies only two colors to the states (indicating two-party consent or one-party consent). A list could have conveyed the same information as it is not apparent that geographic location has any bearing on the consent laws. This snippet includes the lower border line of the plot (called a ruler) and part of an icon in the upper right-hand portion of the page.
Another map shows up in DLA Piper Debt 2015 [pg. 15]. This one is actually an area plot with proportional circles superimposed on select countries of Europe. The same data could have been represented as a bar chart, but the map is more interesting to the eye.
DLA Piper RE 2017 [pg. 14] provides data on its respondent’s geographic profiles by means of an exploded-out map of the United States. The two jurisdictions that are not domestic regions, “International” and “Other,” tread water in the lower left.